Turkey Links Asia to Europe with New Bosphorus Tunnel
The inauguration of the ambitious project – which cost an €3 billion - coincides with the 90th anniversary of the founding of modern Turkey. The tunnel is part of a larger Marmaray project which also includes an upgrade of existing suburban train lines to create a 47-mile line that links the two continents. Prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, a former mayor of Istanbul, launched the plan in 2004 as one of his mega construction projects for the bustling city of 16 million people. He also facilitated work on a third airport, a third bridge across the Bosphorus and a canal parallel to the international waterway to ease traffic. Transport is a major problem in Istanbul, and each day two million people cross the Bosphorus via two usually jammed bridges.